How Many Stasi Members Were There?

What does DDR stand for in Germany?

Deutsche Demokratische RepublikThe German Democratic Republic (GDR), German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), often known in English as East Germany, existed from 1949 to 1990..

Does the Stasi still exist?

The building was a Soviet prison from 1946, and from 1951 until 1989 it was a Stasi remand centre. It officially closed on 3 October 1990, the day of German reunification.

What is the German FBI called?

The Federal Intelligence ServiceThe Federal Intelligence Service (German: Bundesnachrichtendienst; German pronunciation: [ˌbʊndəsˈnaːχʁɪçtnˌdiːnst], BND) is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Chancellor’s Office.

What were the secret police called in Germany?

GestapoThe Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo (German: [ɡəˈʃtaːpo]; /ɡəˈstɑːpoʊ/), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and in German-occupied Europe.

Why did people escape East Germany?

Escapees had various motives for attempting to flee East Germany. The vast majority had an essentially economic motive: they wished to improve their living conditions and opportunities in the West. Some fled for political reasons, but many were impelled to leave by specific social and political events.

How many people died trying to cross the Berlin Wall?

FATALITIES AT THE BERLIN WALL, 1961-1989 At least 140 people were killed or died at the Wall in connection with the East German border regime between 1961 and 1989. 101 East German fugitives, who were killed, died by accident, or committed suicide while trying to flee through the border fortifications.

What happened to the Stasi files?

It is a government agency of the Federal Republic of Germany. It was established when the Stasi Records Act came into force on 29 December 1991. … It was renamed the “Office for National Security” (German: Amt für Nationale Sicherheit) on 17 November 1989. It was dissolved on 13 January 1990.

Who was the head of the Stasi?

Erich Fritz Emil MielkeErich Fritz Emil Mielke (German: [ˈeːʁɪç ˈmiːlkə]; 28 December 1907 – 21 May 2000) was a German communist official who served as head of the East German Ministry for State Security (Ministerium für Staatsicherheit – MfS), better known as the Stasi, from 1957 until shortly after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

How many people were killed by the Stasi?

Authorities in communist East Germany were responsible for the deaths of 1,393 people between 1961 and its demise in 1989, 46 more than previously thought, researchers said Wednesday.

What did the Stasi do?

The Stasi, whose formal role was not defined in the legislation, was responsible for both domestic political surveillance and foreign espionage, and it was overseen by the ruling Socialist Unity Party. … Under Erich Mielke, its director from 1957 to 1989, the Stasi became a highly effective secret police organization.

Why was the Stasi created?

The East German government, with the assistance of the Soviet intelligence community, established the Stasi on February 8, 1950. The organization’s main charge was preserving the communist regime in East Germany through clandestine operations. The first Stasi agents were trained by the Soviet KGB.

Who was the first person to die crossing the Berlin Wall?

Ida SiekmannIn the early morning of 22 August 1961, Ida Siekmann was the first of 98 people to die while attempting to escape.

What is the secret police of Russia?

7 December] 1917) a secret political police, the Cheka, led by Felix Dzerzhinsky. It gained the right to undertake quick non-judicial trials and executions, if that was deemed necessary in order to “protect the Russian Socialist-Communist revolution”.